Role of IoT in Monitoring and Managing Electric Vehicles

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Today we are witnessing an increase in temperature, and one of the major reasons behind this is air pollution. The emission of global domestic gases is aggravating the situation and its continuity could make the earth unsuitable for humans in the years to come.

Vehicles are one of the biggest contributors to air pollution; therefore, it has become a major problem to be taken care of. Today, people and the government are looking for ways to deal with this problem. One of the best ways to fight air pollution is to replace gasoline-powered vehicles with electric ones. Electric vehicles (EVs) are a new and environmentally friendly innovation in this direction.

Electronic vehicles are high-tech machines that collect an immense amount of data to deliver optimal performance. Performance metrics incorporate speed, mileage, acceleration, battery management, fault alert, load and predictive maintenance monitoring systems. The IoT therefore plays a crucial role in the monitoring of electric vehicles.

What is the role of IoT in the management of electric vehicles?

Let’s know every aspect of an IoT integrated electric vehicle management system and how they help to achieve the optimal performance of electric vehicles.

Battery management system:

The main function of the battery management system is to monitor and control the operation of the battery. This involves monitoring the charge and discharge cycle to ensure battery health and minimize the risk of battery damage by ensuring that optimized energy is supplied to operate the vehicle.

The Battery Management System (BMS) monitoring circuit monitors key battery parameters i.e. current, voltage and temperature during charging and discharging conditions. It evaluates parameters such as power, state of health (SoH) and state of charge (SoC) and ensures good health based on the calculation. The Internet of Things plays a vital role in monitoring and control as it enables remote data logging for battery parameters, conditions, etc. Most electric vehicle manufacturers use high quality Li-ion batteries because they have longer life and exceptionally high energy density.

However, there are also some disadvantages. In situations where a battery malfunction occurs, on-board sensor data acquired using IoT can help manage the issues. Then these can work through AI-based models for performance estimation. Tests can be run on some Li-ions to evaluate partial and full charge and discharge patterns. Models are tagged using data collected at each stage and are integrated with artificial intelligence before being deployed to a server. The EV sends important sensor data to the server, providing information on the next course of action and performance. We can conclude that the server checks the status of the Electronic Vehicle.

Safety and smart driving:

The adoption of IoT also enables real-time tracking of vehicles and their parts. It contributes to the preventive maintenance provided by technology, deemed more reliable by users. IoT devices connected to electric vehicles can provide the following features to users.

  • It can measure exact driver parameters like speed, acceleration and more to offer real-time guidance to ensure peak performance.
  • It can prevent theft with real-time tracking, geolocation and immobilization. This ensures better safety and security to decrease reliance on insurance.
  • It also verifies vehicle performance data, based on which manufacturers of electric vehicles and batteries can improve their products. The parameters here are the range of each charge, vehicle usage, performance difference based on geography, age, weather conditions, and range adjustment for each charge over a period of time.

Failure alert and preventive maintenance system:

Electronic vehicles also face technical problems like other machines. IoT-enabled fault warning systems can help alert vehicle drivers to electric vehicle faults, giving them time to act and fix them before it’s too late. Although electric vehicles are well designed to prohibit errors, sometimes certain parts can fail or stop.

To anticipate this, AI algorithms and remote IoT data play a vital role. They help alert EV users and give them time to address issues before they arise. This enhances the customer experience as they can rely on it for optimal performance. In addition, it is necessary to know the general conditions of temperature and humidity in various geographical areas, and it is essential to monitor performance remotely. These factors will help to solve the problem quickly and promise the user comfort and safety.

Telematics data:

Using IoT-based telematics technology, data is collected when linked to vehicle sensors, displayed via widgets, push notifications and produce automatic reports.

Let’s look at the useful factors of using telematics to monitor remote electric vehicles.

  • Battery usage data: Electric vehicles with telematics allow users to track battery usage data in real time. It allows users to check important parameters such as current, voltage and temperature to avoid battery failure. Battery usage of electric vehicles can be logged and shared on a remote server that allows customization of battery configuration and improved charging best practices.
  • Load report: The addition of telematics in electric vehicles makes it possible to generate reports on all the charging sessions of the vehicles, that is to say over the entire lifespan. The charging report shows the duration, the location of the charging station and the percentage of charge received by the vehicles.
  • Nearby charging station alert: Electric vehicle users face challenges such as knowing the state of charge (SOC) to schedule when and where to charge. Electric vehicles keep an eye on telematics solutions and alert the user to the low battery level of the vehicle and inform him about the charging station available nearby.
  • Driver behavior data: The electric vehicle remote monitoring system with telematics ensures safety by monitoring and analyzing electric vehicle performance data and also verifies driver behavior data. Telematic provides rapid feedback on changes in driver behavior to fleet managers/owners via an IoT-enabled smartphone app. This ensures security and improvement for better performance.

IoT Challenges in Electric Vehicle Management

Let us know about some possible IoT challenges for EV monitoring.

Cyber ​​security:

Generating a large amount of data and moving it over a network makes that data vulnerable to cyberattacks and data leaks. Therefore, it is essential to strengthen the IoT networks used in the EV system to ensure that there is no data leakage.

High cost:

IoT systems in electric vehicles are expensive. They are very advanced and have high installation and operating costs. Thus, this technology needs more R&D, and the future may provide better and more cost-effective IoT solutions.

Weigh the benefits and challenges:

We can conclude that IoT plays a crucial role in monitoring electric vehicles. Performance metrics include speed, mileage, acceleration, battery management, fault alert, load and predictive maintenance monitoring systems.

Overall, the IoT plays an important role in the success of electric vehicles. However, challenges like cybersecurity need to be taken seriously. Electric vehicles are innovative steps towards the environment, and their success promises a brighter, greener future.

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