Top 7 frameworks for backend development

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The demand for web developers is increasing day by day and the job market is also expected grow by 15% by 2026. With the increase in the demand for web development, frameworks have become an essential part of building robust and efficient web applications. Web development helps bring platforms online so that they can reach maximum users. As you know, Front-end and Back-end collectively create web applications. While the front-end takes care of the user interface, the back-end is the one that takes care of the web applications.


There are a plethora of frameworks when it comes to backend development. It would create confusion in your mind as to which one to choose. To avoid this, we imagined Top 7 frameworks for backend development.

1. Django

Django (written in Python), being one of the most popular frameworks, was released in 2005. It is an open-source, high-level framework that is scalable and customizable and contains everything a developer can need. Django is based on the principle of DRY code, which mainly focuses on reusing code, thus making it fast and efficient, and also follows the MVC pattern. This framework can also be used in JSON, XML and HTML formats. It is primarily considered for building web applications quickly and also uses popular python features, providing an admin interface to perform CRUD(Create, Read, Update, Delete) operations. Popular apps using Django are Google, YouTube, Instagram, Spotify, Pinterest, DropBox, Mozilla, and National Geographic.

Django features:

  • Secure authentication
  • Batteries included
  • Middleware support
  • Optimized for SEO
  • Huge community support
  • Easy integration with third-party apps

2. Laravel

Laravel is an open-source PHP framework, released in 2011, which follows the MVC (Model-View-Architecture) architecture. It consists of extensive libraries and API support, also with an intuitive interface. He is mainly responsible for creating blogs, e-commerce websites and news. It provides database tools like ORM (object relational mapper), With the help of Laravel, developers create amazing custom web applications using the expressive and elegant syntax of PHP. Also, it enables fast application mail delivery through local or cloud-based services. Laravel can be called a mix of Django and Ruby on Rails because it is scalable and secure just like Ruby on Rails and follows MVC architecture to build websites like Django. It is a comprehensive server-side framework responsible for data manipulation. Some of the companies using Laravel as their backend framework are 9GAG, Pfizer, Crowdcube and Razorpay.

Features of Laravel:

  • Own CLI (Command Line Interface)
  • Integrates with MySQL, SQL Server, SQLite and Postgres.
  • Database migration
  • Simplified API
  • Model Engine


Express, released in 2010, is a Nodejs web application framework written in JavaScript that supports REST API applications. It is fast, opinionless, minimalistic and is the back end of the MEAN and MERN stack used to build interactive mobile and web applications. JS developers use Express because of its great application flexibility. Express, a framework for NodeJS allows developers to create single-page, multi-page, and even hybrid pages. It integrates with NoSQL, MongoDB and Nodejs to manage GET, PUT, POST and DELETE requests. Companies like Accenture, PayPal, Twitter, Myntra, Uber, and IBM use Express as their backend framework.

Express features:

  • Routing
  • Middleware
  • Debugging
  • Plugin support
  • Extended models
  • HTTP utility methods

4. Spring Boot

Spring Boot, released in 2002, is an open-source, lightweight Java-based framework. It is used to create standalone applications. It contains spring core container which is a module providing containers. It is one of the most popular frameworks, following the MVC architecture, and performs CRUD operations. There are extensions to create web applications and it makes security methods configurable. Developers perform lazy initialization which helps them to create language-based beans. It has many useful features such as transaction management, monitoring, caching and security. The reason for choosing Spring Boot is microservices, easy configuration, and rapid development. Companies using Spring Boot are Google, Microsoft, Udemy, Amazon, and Trivago.

SpringBoot features:

  • Simplified API
  • Dependency management
  • Avoid complex XML configuration
  • Microservices

5. Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails, released in 2004, is an open-source, server-side framework written in Ruby. It offers a default structure for web services and follows the MVC architecture. It builds a bug-free database and uses HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to build apps. It works on two basic concepts involving DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself) and CoC (Convention over Configuration). The first is used to avoid code repetition, and the second is to provide maximum approaches to solving a problem. Companies that use Ruby on Rails are GitHub, Shopify, Netflix, Airbnb, and Crunchbase.

Features of Ruby on Rails:

  • Good community support
  • Reliable and high quality
  • Simple tests
  • Scaffolding
  • Location

6. Vial

Flask, released in 2010, is a lightweight open-source framework written in Python and used to build robust web applications. It is simple to learn and use, a “beginner friendly” framework that does not contain any type of dependencies making it easy to implement. It offers a breakdown of RESTful requests, unit testing, and secure cookies. It is also classified as a microframework because it does not contain any type of libraries and tools. It supports object-relational mapping, downloading and validation. Used to build small and large scale applications, LinkedIn and Pinterest are the famous companies that use Flask as their backend framework.

Bottle features:

  • Unicode Engine
  • Development server
  • Rapid development
  • Minimalist
  • Good documentation


ASP.NET (Active Server Pages), released in 2016, is a free, open-source, and freeware framework written in C#. It is a modular framework that runs on the .NET framework on Windows. It is the best framework used to build real-time web applications and has rich API services and microservices. .NET, an advanced version of ASP.NET, is a platform for developers consisting of tools, libraries, and programming languages. It can run on Windows, Linux, and macOS. Companies that use ASP.NET as their backend framework include Slack, SpaceX, Alibaba Travels, and MasterCard.

The features of ASP.NET are:

  • Has several versions
  • Minimal coding
  • Asynchronous
  • Container support
  • Various lifecycle support options

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